image of Alfred Hitchcock
Birthday: Aug 13, 1899
Place of Birth: Leytonstone, London, England, UK

Alfred Hitchcock

Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock, KBE (13 August 1899 – 29 April 1980), was an English director and producer. Labeled as the "Master of Suspense", he became known for thrillers, often combined with a dark sense of humor. After a successful career in his native country, Hitchcock moved to Hollywood in 1939. Over a career spanning more than half a century, Hitchcock fashioned for himself a distinctive and recognizable directorial style. He pioneered the use of a camera made to move in a way that mimics a person's gaze, forcing viewers to engage in a form of voyeurism. He framed shots to maximize anxiety, fear, or empathy, and used innovative film editing. His stories frequently feature fugitives on the run from the law alongside icy blonde female characters. Many of Hitchcock's films have twist endings and thrilling plots featuring depictions of violence, murder, and crime, although many of the mysteries function as decoys —or MacGuffins— meant only to serve thematic elements in the film and the extremely complex psychological examinations of the characters. Hitchcock's films also borrow many themes from psychoanalysis and feature strong sexual undertones. Through his cameo appearances in his own films, interviews, film trailers, and the television program Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1955-1965), he became a cultural icon. Hitchcock is widely regarded as one of the most influential figures in the history of cinema. In 2002, Hitchcock was ranked 2nd behind Orson Welles in the critics' top ten poll in the list of The Greatest Directors of All Time compiled by the Sight & Sound magazine. Andrew Sarris in his influential book of film criticism The American Cinema: Directors and Directions 1929–1968 included him in the "pantheon" of the 14 greatest film directors who had worked in the United States. Hitchcock's critically most acclaimed film is the psychological thriller film Vertigo (1958). Although being a mild failure upon its release, it has risen in popularity over the decades. In 2012 it even replaced Orson Welles' Citizen Kane as the greatest film ever made in the Sight & Sound critics' poll. Regarding visual style, Vertigo is often declared as Hitchcock's most perfect film. The use of color symbolism, meticulously composed shots, and the famous "Vertigo effect" (dolly zoom) continue to be studied and admired. Hitchcock's most commercially successful and most famous film is Psycho (1960), which had a significant impact on the horror genre, especially the slasher film. Hitchcock was able to prove his skills with the mystery thriller film Rear Window (1954), to create suspense within a confined setting - primarily the protagonist's apartment. In this film, voyeurism, one of Hitchcock's favorite subjects, is an essential aspect. Many of Hitchcock's spy films, most notably North by Northwest (1959) and Notorious (1946), had a major impact on the Mission: Impossible and James Bond series.

Filmography
Movie Cast Year
Rebecca Man Outside Phone Booth (uncredited) 1940
Psycho Man Outside Office (uncredited) 1960
Rear Window Clock-Winder in Songwriter's Apartment (uncredited) 1954
Murder! Man on Street (uncredited) 1930
The Making of 'Psycho' Self (archive footage) 2005
The Men Who Made the Movies: Alfred Hitchcock Himself 1973
Blackmail Man on Subway (uncredited) 1929
Night Will Fall Self (archive footage) 2014
Sound Test for Blackmail Self (uncredited) 1929
To Catch a Thief Man Sitting Next to John Robie on Bus (uncredited) 1955
Hitchcock/Truffaut Self (archive footage) (uncredited) 2015
The Trouble with 'Marnie' Self (archive footage) 2000
Under Capricorn Man at Governor's Reception (uncredited) 1949
North by Northwest Man Who Misses Bus (uncredited) 1959
Shadow of a Doubt Man on Train Playing Cards (uncredited) 1943
The 39 Steps Man Walking Past Bus (uncredited) 1935
The Illustrated Hitchcock Self 1972
The Man Who Knew Too Much Man in Marrakesh Marketplace (uncredited) 1956
A Talk with Hitchcock Self 1964
Notorious Man Drinking Champagne at Party 1946
I Confess Man Crossing the Top of Long Staircase (uncredited) 1953
Foreign Correspondent Man with Newspaper on Street (uncredited) 1940
The Psycho Legacy Self (archive footage) 2010
The Lodger: A Story of the London Fog Man in Newspaper Office (uncredited) 1927
Easy Virtue Man with Stick Near Tennis Court (uncredited) 1928
The Trouble with Harry Passer-by (uncredited) 1955
Family Plot Silhouette at Office of Vital Statistics (uncredited) 1976
In the Master's Shadow: Hitchcock's Legacy Self (archive footage) 2008
Monsieur Truffaut Meets Mr. Hitchcock Self (archive footage) 1999
Destination Hitchcock: The Making of 'North by Northwest' Self (archive footage) 2000
The Master's Touch: Hitchcock's Signature Style Self (archive footage) 2009
'Rear Window' Ethics: Remembering and Restoring a Hitchcock Classic Self (archive footage) 2001
The Making of 'The Man Who Knew Too Much' Self (archive footage) 2000
'Torn Curtain' Rising Self (archive footage) 2001
Plotting 'Family Plot' Self (archive footage) 2001
The Story of 'Frenzy' Self (archive footage) 2001
All About 'The Birds' Self (archive footage) 2000
'The Trouble with Harry' Isn't Over Self (archive footage) 2001
Hitchcock, Selznick and the End of Hollywood Self (archive footage) 1999
The Wrong Man Prologue Narrator (voice) (uncredited) 1956
The Ring Man-Dipping Attraction Worker (uncredited) 1927
The Lady Vanishes Man in London Railway Station (uncredited) 1938
German Concentration Camps Factual Survey Self (archive footage) 2017
Show-Business at War Self 1943
The Universal Story Himself (archive footage) 1996
The Man Who Knew Too Much Man in Raincoat Passing Bus (uncredited) 1934
Harold and Lillian: A Hollywood Love Story Himself (archive footage) 2017
Young and Innocent Photographer Outside Courthouse (uncredited) 1937
Cinema: Alfred Hitchcock Himself 1966
Dark Glamour: The Blood and Guts of Hammer Productions Self - Filmmaker (archive footage) 2017
Suspicion Man Mailing Letter (uncredited) 1941
Spellbound Man Leaving Elevator (uncredited) 1945
Hitchcock: The Early Years Self (archive footage) 1999
Hitchcock Confidential Self 2019
Frenzy Spectator at Opening Rally 1972
What Is Cinema? Self 2013
Topaz Man in Wheelchair (uncredited) 1969
Torn Curtain Man in Hotel Lobby with Baby (uncredited) 1966
Vertigo Man Walking Past Elster's Office (uncredited) 1958
Rope Man Walking in Street After Opening Credits (uncredited) 1948
Saboteur Man in Front of New York Drugstore (uncredited) 1942
Mr. & Mrs. Smith Man Passing David Smith on Street (uncredited) 1941
Her Name Was Grace Kelly Self (archive footage) 2021
Grace Kelly: Destiny of a Princess Self - Filmmaker (archive footage) 2006
I Am Alfred Hitchcock Self 2021
Terror in the Aisles Self (archive footage) (uncredited) 1984
The Movie Orgy Self (archive footage) 1968
Ingrid Bergman Remembered Self (archive footage) 1996
Strangers on a Train Man Boarding Train Carrying a Double Bass (uncredited) 1951
78/52 Self (archive footage) 2017
Tales of the Uncanny Self (archive footage) 2020
Marnie Man Leaving Hotel Room (uncredited) 1964
Ingrid Bergman: In Her Own Words Self (archive footage) 2015
Shirley Maclaine: Kicking Up Her Heels Self (archive footage) 1996
Once Upon a Time... 'Notorious' Self (archive footage) 2009
Sabotage Man Walking Past the Cinema as the Light Is Renewed 1937
Stage Fright Man Staring at Eve on Street (uncredited) 1950
The Birds Pet Store Customer (uncredited) 1963
Hollywood: The Selznick Years Self (uncredited) 1961
Hitchcock and Dial M Self (archive footage) 2004
Topaz: An Appreciation by Film Critic/Historian Leonard Maltin Self (archive footage) 2001
The Pervert's Guide to Cinema Self - Filmmaker (archive footage) 2006
Masters Of Cinema - Alfred Hitchcock Self 1972
Alfred Hitchcock And To Catch A Thief: An Appreciation Self - Archival Footage 2002
Writing And Casting To Catch A Thief Self - Archive Footage 2002
Alfred Hitchcock: The Early Years Self (audio archival footage) 2004
Mais qui a tué Alfred Hitchcock? Himself 2018
Hitch x 4 Himself 2018
Kim Novak: Hollywood's Golden Age Rebel Self (archive footage) 2023
Dial M for Murder Man Sitting at a Table (uncredited) 1954
Normandie ne partira pas ce soir 2021
Pure Cinema: Through the Eyes of Hitchcock Self (archive footage) 2008
Breaking Barriers: The Sound of Hitchcock Self (archive footage) 2008
Documenting John Grierson 2014
My Name Is Alfred Hitchcock Self (archive footage) 2023
Le Film Pro-Nazi d’Hitchcock Self (archive footage) 2023
Alfred Hitchcock Presents: The Sorcerer's Apprentice Self-Host 1962
The Children of Alda Nuova self - host 1962
AFI Life Achievement Award: 50th Anniversary Special Self (archive footage) 2023
Cary Grant: A Celebration of a Leading Man Self (archive footage) 1988
Gregory Peck: His Own Man Self (archive footage) 1988
Memory of the Camps Self (uncredited archive footage) 1985
Forecast: Low Clouds and Coastal Fog Self - Host 1963
Series Cast Year
The New Alfred Hitchcock Presents 1985
Alfred Hitchcock Presents Self - Host 1955
The Oscars Self 1953
The Men Who Made the Movies Self 1973
Talking Pictures Self (archive footage) 2013
The Alfred Hitchcock Hour Self - Host 1962
V.I.P. Schaukel Self 1971
The Dick Cavett Show Self - Guest 1968
What's My Line? Self - Mystery Guest 1950
Alfred Hitchcock Presents Self (archive footage) 1955
Alfred Hitchcock Presents Self - Interviewee 1955
Alfred Hitchcock Presents Self (archive footage) (uncredited) 1955
Cinépanorama Self 1956
Samedi soir Self 1971
The New Alfred Hitchcock Presents Self - Host (archive footage) 1985
Midi trente Self (archive footage) 1972
Tales from the Crypt Self (archive footage) (uncredited) 1989
Alfred Hitchcock Presents: The Sorcerer's Apprentice Self-Host 1970
Star Life Self 1990
Spécial cinéma Self (archive footage) 1974
Lux Video Theatre Self 1950
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